**116 monads questions.**

Let $j: A \to B$ be a fully faithful functor.
When $j$ has a left adjoint $L$, the codensity monad $\text{Ran}_jj$ will coincide with the monad $jL$ and thus will be idempotent, because $A$ is ...

Let $j: A \to B$ be a functor.
When $j$ has a left adjoint $L$, the codensity monad $\text{Ran}_jj$ will coincide with the monad $jL$. Since a left adjoint preserves all colimits, it is easy to ...

This question (as the title obviously suggests) is similar to, or a continuation of, this question that was asked years ago on MO by a different user.
The present question, though, is different from ...

Consider a functor $F : \mathbf{Rel} \to \mathbf{Rel}$ that is monotonic (for all relations $R$ and $S$ with $R \subseteq S$ we have $FR \subseteq FS$). Does such a functor always preserve conversion ...

In this post, I was introduced to the monad of finitely supported measures.
$HX$ is the set of finitely supported measures on $X$, with monad structure defined as for the Giry monad.
I have three ...

I am back again, trying to compute a (Co)Monad, or bimonad as they are called. In particular, I want to define a functor along with a collection of natural transformations that form both a monad and ...

The List monad takes a set and produces the set of lists on that set. The elements of the set become the symbols or objects of the list. I would like to define a directed-complete partial order (...

The Mulitiset monad, aka the free commutative monoid monad or "Bag" monad, takes a set to the set of all Multisets for that set. A Multiset is like a set, but can have duplicates. It is used in ...

The spectral order for density operators is given in this paper Coecke Martin 2010. I won't give the full definition here. Essentially, it allows for a partial order of density matrices that forms a ...

I would like to know in anyone has developed method for constructing colimits in the category of algebra for a monad in the $(\infty,1)$-categorical framework, using transfinite constructions.
I have ...

I'm currently reading Richard Garner's paper Polycategories via pseudo-distributive laws, and a central construction is the lifting of the symmetric strict monoidal category 2-monad to a pseudomonad ...

We can see here in Jacob's 2013 paper, that he seems to state that a particular kind of multiset monad is actually a vector space monad.
3.2. Vector spaces. For a semiring S one can define the ...

For a while, I was looking for a Frobenius monad on Set. It doesn't exist as pointed out here. I am now looking at the 2-category of groupoids. Does the 2-category of groupoids admit a Frobenius ...

I am interested in any adjunctions between any of the familiar categories of Groupoids and the category of finite dimensional Hilbert spaces. Do any exist? Are there any well know monads on the ...

I am looking for containers on the 2-Category of Groupoids. In particular, though, I would like my container to be both a monad and a comonad with a mixed distributive law. Can someone provide one ...

I have come across an n-category cafe post where someone describes a monad that generates symmetric monoidal categories. Can someone give details, like what is the base category, what exactly is the ...

The bag monad, sometimes called the multiset monad or free commutative monoid monad is a functor on Set that takes a set to its set of bags. These bags are like strings written in the elements of the ...

Edit: I will be happy if someone can get me the Bag monad on a 2-category of groupoids, regardless of any reference to Hilbert Spaces. (It's a fire sale!!)
I am trying to create the quantum ...

The subject of polynomial monads is well trodden. We know that every monad is generated by an adjunction. What are the special properties of any adjunction that generates a polynomial monad?
Take a ...

Given a monad, $(M, \mu, \eta)$, where $M: C \rightarrow C$ for some category $C$, there is a category of factorizations, $F\cdot G = M$ where $F: X \rightarrow C$, $G: C \rightarrow X$. Though this ...

It was recently brought to my attention that the Bag monad, also known as the MultiSet monad, is not polynomial on Set, but is Polynomial on the category of Groupoids, 3.10 Examples. I then started ...

I may be wrong, but we should be able to write the Bag monad in a polynomial form. The bag monad, is exectly the multiset monad whose category of algebras are the commutative monoids. Another name ...

This question is probably too vague for experts, but I really don't know how to avoid it.
I've read in several places that under mild conditions, a morphism is an effective descent morphism iff the ...

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a combinatorial model category and $\mathrm{T}$ a monad on
$\mathcal{C}.$
Assume that the model structure on $\mathcal{C}$ lifts to a model structure on
the category of $\...

We know that Frobenius objects in a monoidal category obey a diagrammatic string calculus. We also know that trees are polynomial functors (Kock - Polynomial functors and trees). The string calculus ...

In various places it is stated that the continuation monad can simulate all monads in some sense (see for example http://lambda1.jimpryor.net/manipulating_trees_with_monads/))
In particular, in http://...

Let $T$ be a monad on a concrete category $\mathcal{C}$, and $A$ an algebra over $T$. The bar construction is a simplicial object in the category $\mathcal{C}^T$ of algebras which we can think of a ...

My question regards the Curry Howard Isomorphism and how it constrains models in the case of a particular logic.
Consider quantified Lax Logic $QLL$.
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/468e/...

Let $\mathrm{F}: \mathcal{C} \rightleftarrows \mathcal{D} : \mathrm{G} $ be an adjunction with associated monad $\mathrm{T} = \mathrm{G} \mathrm{F} .$
If $\mathcal{D} $ admits coequalizers of $\...

Unless I'm mistaken the "Free completion under finite limits monad" $C \mapsto C^{lex}$ and the "free co-completion monad" $C \mapsto \widehat{C}$ (the categories of small presheaves) satisfies a ...

Stoch is the category of Measurable spaces and stochastic maps. It is the Klesli category of the Giry monad. Deterministic theories form a subcategory of Stoch. Specifically, the objects are just ...

Many different kinds of data structures can be captured as Monads. Lists and trees are two good examples. A domain (dcpo) is like a tree, with extra axioms.
Definition. A directed subset of a ...

The Giry monad consists of an endofunctor, $P$, on the category of measureable spaces $\mathcal{M}$, as well as two natural transformations $\mu, \eta$ known as the product and unit respectively. $P$ ...

Ahman et al. wrote about when a container is a comonad. Containers can also be monads, such as List. This means that we can take all containers that are endofunctors on Set and they live in the ...

A Bag is a data structure, like a list, that stores items with no concept of order. The only operations on the structure is to add an item and then iterate through the items with no guarantee as to ...

The Giry Monad captures probability measures. What is the adjunction that generates the Giry Monad? To narrow this down, perhaps we can talk about the adjunction between the category of Polish ...

The Bénabou-Roubaud theorem links fibrational descent theory with monadicity. Particularly, it says that given a bifibration satisfying the Beck-Chevalley condition w.r.t some arrow $p$ in the base ...

I am wondering if it is possible to have a bimonad on $\mathsf{Set}$ that preserves equalizers on both sides? What about a bimonad that is exact? Can you give an example?
Let me try to explain what ...

I would like to find explicit definitions of pseudo, or even lax, algebras for a 2-monad, and their lax morphisms, with all the coherence diagrams included.
Alternatively, coherent lax algebras for ...

It's known that giving a semidirect product $(X,m)\rtimes G$ of a $G$-group $(X,m)$ with $G$ (as defined in wiki) is the same as giving a split pair over $G$, i.e a pair of arrows $H\overset{s}{\...

By Koudenburg The paper (arXiv:[1511.04070])(https://arxiv.org/pdf/1511.04070) generalizes 2-monad associated to hyper virtual double category.
Another paper (arXiv:[1310.8279]) (https://arxiv.org/...

In this paper we see a Frobenius Monad in example 5.2. Suppose we take Hilb as the underlying category. Is this functor left exact? Does it preserve equalizers?

For some monad T on a virtual equipment, the paper A unified framework for generalized multicategories by Cruttwell and Shulman (arXiv:0907.2460) proposes the normalized T-monoid.
Another paper, by ...

Fong's paper Causal Theories: A Categorical Perspective on Bayesian Networks talks about causal theories. He describes words of random variables at the top of page 42:
For the objects of CG we ...

Given an augmented simplicial object $d_\bullet:X_\bullet \to \Delta X_{-1}$, suppose there's a simplicial map $s_\bullet :\Delta X_{-1}\to X_\bullet$ making $d_\bullet$ a deformation retract, i.e ...

Has anyone ever seen a Monad that is very much like the List Monad but is also a co-monad, and also a Frobenius monad? In this paper they give examples of List-like monads called Containers and they ...

It seems to be folklore that if we have an actegory, i.e. a monoidal functor from a monoidal category $C$ to an endofunctor category $Cat(D,D)$, we can obtain from it a monad on $D$. This appears for ...

In an earlier post, What is known about the category of monads on Set?
the following observation was made:
What's more, all but two monads on Set have the property that there
exists an algebra ...

The question is in the title, but let me specify what I mean by the category of graphs.
In the context of this question, the category of graphs is the category of symmetric irreflexive relations. ...

The Maybe monad is based on the endofunctor $- + 1$ (coproduct with the singleton set). Its Lawvere theory $L$ is supposed to be generated by one nullary operation (...

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