**1.885 ra.rings-and-algebras questions.**

A commutative Bezout ring with $1$ is a ring in which every finitely generated ideal is principal. Is there any charactrization for indecomposable semi local Bezout ring?
For example , for a ...

Every (non-zero) finitely generated module over a ring has a maximal proper submodule by a simple application of Zorn's lemma.
I am interested in the following question, with two variants.
...

Let $A$ be a Frobenius algebra with center $Z(A)$ and $I\subset Z(A)$ the ideal of elements in the image of some $A$-bimodule map $A\rightarrow A\otimes A\rightarrow A$, where the second map is ...

Edit (Apr 24, 2017). I'm updating this post in the light of the latest developments of a related thread.
Let $H$ be a multiplicatively written, commutative monoid, and set $M := H \setminus H^\times$,...

Suppose that $F$ is a field. Show that there exists a $F$-division algebra $D$ with two elements $a\neq b\in D$ such that $a^2-2ab+b^2=0$.
In the field extensions we know that $a^2-2ab+b^2=0$ if and ...

Let $p\in {\mathbb{R}}[x_1,\ldots, x_d]$ be a homogenous polynomial degree $2n$. We know that if $p$ is positive on $[-\pi,\pi]^d$, $p$ is sum of squares polynomial, i.e. $p$ can be witten as sum of ...

Let $A$ be a Baer *-ring. Let $x$ be in $A$, $L(x)$ is the left projection of $x$ that is the smallest projection with $L(x)x=x$.
Q. Let $p,q$ are projections in $A$ with $p\leq q$. For a given ...

I am trying (and have been recommended) to use the Lanczos algorithm to find the $k$ smallest eigenvectors. However, all of the literature seems to talk about this algorithm as a way to estimate the $...

A neural network can be considered as a function
$$\mathbf{R}^m\to\mathbf{R}^n\quad
\text{by}\quad x\mapsto w_N\sigma(h_{N-1}+w_{N-1}\sigma(\dotso h_2+w_2\sigma(h_1+w_1 x)\dotso)),$$
where the $w_i$ ...

There's a folklore problem:
Let $x_1, \cdots, x_{23} \in \mathbb{Z}$ be the weights of $23$ soccer players. Now Master Yoda want's to form two soccer teams with $11$ players each. Turns out for ...

Amenable groups are everywhere these days, as examples of all kinds of lovely phenomena. And there are various ways of defining notions of 'amenable monoid' or possibly 'amenable semigroup'. But for ...

What is the most complete book on algebraic structures that deals with the complete taxonomy from magmas to Lie algebras and inner product spaces?

Is there known structures/ or has there been studies on $Hom(L_1,L_2)$ of distributive lattices? Could it be made into a lattice naturally? Is there any structure on the set of ring valued functions $...

Let $A$ be a Baer $*$-ring. Let $\{p_n\}$ be a sequence of finite projections in $A$. True or false?
Suppose that there is no $N$ with $p_n=p_{n+1}$ for $n\geq N$. We have then $\inf_{1\leq n\leq ...

$\newcommand{\op}[1]{\operatorname{#1}}\def\GL{\op{GL}}$I am interested in the subgroups of $\GL(n,K)$ of the form $\GL(n/s, E)$ for $E$ some extension field of $K$ of degree $s$. These arise in the ...

Let $A$ be a Baer *-ring. Let $x$ be an isometry (meaning $x^*x=1$ where $1$ is the unit of $A$).
Let $e$ be a finite projection in $A$ such that $ex^ne=ex^n$ for every $n\geq0$.
Q. Can we say that ...

Let $A$ be a Baer $*$-ring. Let us denote $B$ by the space of all upper triangular matrices
$\left(\begin{array}{cc}
a_1& a_2 \\
0 & a_4
\end{array}\right)$ where $a_i$'s are in $A$. Is $B$ ...

I believe that the GK dimension for a generalized Weyl algebra $D(\sigma,a)$ is just the GKdim$(D) + 1$.
Does anyone have a reference for this?
I can find partial results, and I am sure this is ...

Let $(S,+)$ be an abelian semigroup . Let $f:S \to \mathbb C$ be a function such that for some positive integer $n>1$, $f(x+y)^n=(f(x)+f(y))^n,\forall x,y \in S$.
Then is it true that $f(x+y)=f(x)...

Let $A(k)$ be a $k$-algebra with two generators, $x$, $y$, and one defining relation: $yx - xy = 1$. What is the center of the algebra $A(k)$ in the case $\text{char}\,k > 0$?

Is there a field $F$ such that $F \cong F(X,Y)$ as fields, but $F \not \cong F(X)$ as fields?
I know only an example of a field $F$ such that $F$ isomorphic to $F(x,y)$ : this is something like $F=k(...

In category theory, a notion of monoidal category in which every sequence $X_1, \ldots , X_n$ ($n\ge 0$) of objects has a specified product is called an ``unbiased monoidal category'' (see Section 3.1 ...

Let algebras be finite dimensional over a field $K$ and let $J$ denote the Jacobson radical (this is the intersection of all maximal right ideals) of an algebra. Being hereditary means that the ...

Can the usual definition of a Lie algebra via commutators be simply adapted
to quantum Lie algebras? Graphically you have the IHX scheme, with the X
being a virtual crossing (so to say). Does it ...

Let given a ring $A$ without zero divizors and torsion free as $\mathbb{Z}$- module. Let also given $M~-$ $A~-$ bimodule which is torsion as module over $\mathbb{Z}$.
Is it true that if $A$ has ...

Let $ f:A\to B$ be an injective, local homorphism between two Noetherian local rings. Consider the completions $\hat A$ and $\hat B$ with respect the maximal ideals. We have an induced homomorphism $\...

Consider $p$-adic field $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and let $A$ be any finite dimensional $\mathbb{Q}_p$ algebra without zero divisors (and maybe without $1$). Now we can look on $A$ as on a ring $A_{\mathbb{Z}}$ (...

Let $I$, $J$, and $K$ be pairwise comaximal ideals of a commutative ring $R$ with $1$ with the property that if $x^2-x\in I$, then there exists $e^2=e\in J$ such that $x-e\in I$ and if $y^2-y\in K$, ...

Related to Relations between coefficients of expansions of a rational function at 0 and infinity
I commented at the linked question that the question seemed less about what happened "at infinity", ...

In the article, the universal enveloping algebra of a free Lie algebra on a set X is defined to be the free associative algebra generated by X.
It is said that the graded dual of the universal ...

This question goes in the bucket of "this must be well known, but I don't see it and am not sure where to look it up."
Given two Laurent power series $A(t)=\sum_{k>N}a_kt^k$ and $B(t)=\sum_{k>M}...

Given a finite abelian group $A$, I'd like a list of conjugacy class representatives for its automorphism group ${\rm Aut}(A)$.
In fact, it's not important that I have exactly one representative from ...

Let $G$ be a compact group and let $R(G)$ be the representation ring of $G$. Additively, $R(G)$ is generated by the irreducible representations of $G$. Usually one only deals with those ...

The well known Dirichlet's unit theorem states that the unit group of a maximal order in a quadratic number field is finitely generated of rank blah blah blah. I think it's pretty naive to expect a ...

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity and let $G$ be a finite group. Let $\gamma \in Z^{2}(G,R^{\times})$ be a $2$-cocycle. The twisted group ring (of $G$ over $R$ with respect to $\gamma$) $R *_{\...

Some authors have written that derivation of an algebra is an important tools for studying its structure. Could you give me a specific example of how a derivation gives insight into an algebra's ...

We say that the cancellation property holds for a ring $R$ if for finitely generated projective $R$-modules $P$ and $Q$ we have that $R \oplus P \cong R \oplus Q$ implies $P \cong Q$.
In the case ...

An associative $K$-algebra A is called reduced (or often basic) if $A/rad(A)$ has no nilpotent elements. It can be shown that this is equivalent to that $A/rad(A)$ is a isomorphic to a direct sum of ...

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional algebra. Recall that a module $M$ is called $n$-torsionfree in case $Ext_A^i(D(A),\tau(M))=0$ for all $i=1,...,n$ when $\tau$ denotes the Auslander-Reiten translate. ...

For an algebra $A$ over a field $\mathbb{K}$, consider left modules $E,F$. The two obvious collections of maps to take from $E$ to $F$ are the left module maps ${}_A\mathrm{Hom}(E,F)$ and the linear ...

Let $A$ be a $*$-ring. Let us have some points:
i) We recall that a projection $p$ is a self-adjoint idempotent that is $p=p^*=p^2$.
ii) On the set of projections, we write $p\leq q$ if $pq=p$.
iii)...

$\newcommand{\refone}{\textbf{(1)}} \newcommand{\Hom}{\operatorname{Hom}} \newcommand{\tr}{\operatorname{Tr}} \newcommand{\kk}{\mathbf{k}}$ Let $\kk$ be a field. Let $A$ be a $\kk$-algebra which is ...

This question is imported from MSE. It is linked to this one in the case of semi-direct products.
My question Let us consider a Lie $R$-algebra ($R$ is a commutative ring) written as a (module) ...

If a division ring is finite-dimensional over its center then we can apply Skolem-Noether theorem (which asserts that every endomorphism is a conjugation).
Can someone give a counterexample of the ...

Edit: Thanx very much to Neil Strickland for quickly explaining to us that the following cannot be realized over finite commutative $\mathbb{C}$-algebras, as I had originally asked.
I know that there ...

Let $A$ be a Baer*-ring. Let us denote $L(x)$ by the left projection of $x$ (the smallest projection with $L(x)x=x$).
Let $p$ be a finite projection in $A$. Is $L(xp)$ a finite projection for every $...

If $A$ is chosen uniformly at random over all possible $m \times n$ (0,1)-matrices, what is the expected size of the absolute value of the determinant of $AA^T$. We can assume $m < n$ and all ...

Let $U_{r,l,q}$ be the set of finite dimensional local algebras $A$ over a finite field with $q$ elements such that $J/J^2$ is $r$-dimensional for a number $r \geq 2$ and such that $J^l=0$ for the ...

Has anyone seen the ring $\Lambda[x_0, x_1, x_2, \ldots]/(x_i x_j - (i+1) x_0 x_{i+j})$ in some natural context?
By $\Lambda$ I mean the free anti-commutative algebra, $x_i x_j = - x_j x_i$,
either ...

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