set-theory's questions - English 1answer

3.115 set-theory questions.

Definitions: Let $X$ be a Polish space (separable completely metrizable topological space). A function $f:X\to\mathbb{R}$ is Baire Class $1$ if it is a pointwlise limit of a sequence of continuous ...

In the following, I focus on trees of height $\omega_1$: if there exists a nonspecial tree any of whose $\aleph_1$-subtrees is special, must CH fail? Some neither consistent nor coherent thoughts: ...

Let me refer to Jech's "Set Theory" Chap. 33 Determinacy: "With each subset A of $\omega^\omega$ we associate the following game $G_A$, played by two players I and II. First I chooses a natural ...

Here, it is mentioned that different set theories extending ZF are never bi-interpretable. Where different means "not theoretically equivalent",i.e. there must be a theorem that one has and the other ...

The Wikipedia article on the Axiom of Determinacy (AD) claims: Equivalent to the axiom of determinacy is the statement that for every subspace X of the real numbers, the Banach–Mazur game BM(X) is ...

What is known about the theory ($\ast$) ZF + "every Suslin set of reals is ${\bf \Sigma}^1_2$"? By "reals" I mean elements of the Baire space $\omega^\omega$. For a cardinal $\kappa$, a set of ...

Constructively, my only interest in regular cardinals is in terms of the "$\Sigma$-universes" they generate. By a $\Sigma$-universe, I mean a collection of triples $(X,Y,f: X \to Y)$ closed under base ...

Thinking about the recent threads on structural consequences of the Axiom of Foundation (AF) over ZF-AF, I've been trying to find some conservativity result which explains why AF doesn't seem to have ...

Let $(L,\leq,0,1)$ be a lattice, and let's denote by $JI(L)$ the set of its join-irreducibles (i.e. elements that are not the lowest grater bound of two other elements). We suppose that $\sup JI(L)=...

Is it consistent that there exists a nonzero atomless finite measure on some $\sigma$-algebra on a cardinal $\kappa$ satisfying $\kappa<\mathfrak{c}$? Can there be such a measure on $\omega_1$ ...

Let $Th_\zeta$ be a Mono-sorted first order theory with $\zeta$ representing some recursive ordinal notation system. Primitives: =, $\in$, $T_0, T_1, ..,T_i,..$ where i is an $\zeta$ ordinal, and ...

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological space. For a given topological base $\mathcal{E}$ for $\tau$, let us denote Bor$(\mathcal{E})$, by the smallest $\sigma$-algebra containing $\mathcal{E}$. Q. Assume ...

Let $X$ be a topological space and $\mathcal{E}$ be a topological base for $X$. Let us denote Bor$(\mathcal{E})$, by the smallest $\sigma$-algebra containing $\mathcal{E}$. Q. Let $O$ be an open ...

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a simple, undirected and connected graph. We say that $S\subseteq V$ is a cutting set if $S\neq V$ and the induced subgraph on $V\setminus S$ is not connected any more. If $S \...

Cantor has, in the immortal words of D. Hilbert, given all of us a paradise (or perhaps, I would rather say, a great vacation spot), the TRANSFINITE. $\aleph_0, \aleph_1,\aleph_2\dots$ the lists ...

Let $\text{Sym}(\omega)$ be the group of bijections $f:\omega\to\omega$ with composition. For any group $G$ let $\text{Sub}(G)$ be the complete lattice of the subgroups of $G$, ordered by set ...

A homogeneous space $(X,\tau)$ is a topological space such that for all $x,y\in X$ there is a homeomorphism $\varphi:X\to X$ such that $\varphi(x)=y$. As a previous question implies, the union of an ...

Here $\omega_1$ is the first uncountable ordinal, and $\mathcal{P}(\omega_1)$ denotes the power set of $\omega_1$. Separable means countably generated as a $\sigma$-algebra.

The question is in the title. For Easton's theorem see Wikipedia. Loosely speaking we can use forcing to manipulate the powerset function on regular cardinals as much as we like given we satisfy the ...

Language: first-order logic Primitives: $=, S, \in $ (the first denotes identity, the second denotes “is a successor of”, and the third denotes membership relation). Axioms: those of identity ...

I'm researching Borel class of mapping $G: 2^Y \mapsto 2^X$, where $X,Y - $ compact metric spaces, $f: X \mapsto Y$ $-$ 1st class Borel mapping and $G(A)=cl(f^{-1}(A))$ for $A \in 2^Y$. My idea of ...

Buddhist logic is a branch of Indian logic (see also Nyaya), one of the three original traditions of logic, alongside the Greek and the Chinese logic. It seems Buddha himself used some of the features ...

We know that, under MA, every linear order $(X,\le)$ with $|X|<\mathfrak c$ embedds in $\wp(\omega)/Fin$. Does this hold for linear orders with cardinality $\mathfrak c$?

In set theory Borel sets are important, but we don't actually care about the sets. We can about the Borel codes. Namely, the algorithm to generate a given Borel set starting with the basic open sets (...

The property of well-orderability is upward absolute for transitive models of ZF: by Replacement in the smaller class, specifically Mostowski collapse, this is equivalent to the upward absoluteness of ...

This question has been moved to philosophy.stackexchange.com I'll try to abbreviate it here: the question asks about the "informal notion" that the fragment of $\text{ZFC}$ that is axiomatized by ...

If $G$ is any group, then by $\text{Sub}(G)$ we denote the collection of all subgroups, ordered by $\subseteq$. If $(P,\leq)$ is a partially ordered set we let $\text{Max}(P)$ and the set of maximal ...

This question is loosely inspired by the following paper of Shelah on Arrow property in which he answered a question of Gil Kalai affirmatively. Shelah, Saharon, On the Arrow property. Adv. in Appl. ...

Is there an injective group homomorphism from $(\mathbb{R},+)$ into $(\text{Sym}(\omega),\circ)$, where $\text{Sym}$ denotes the set of all bijections $f:\omega\to\omega$? If not, is there a group ...

We say that $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ is of Baire Class $1$ if it is a pointwise limit of a sequence of continuous functions. One can generalize the definition above by taking pointwise limit of ...

Cops & Robbers is a certain pursuit-evasion game between two players, Alice and Bob. Alice is in charge of the Justice Bureau, which controls one or more law enforcement officers, the cops. Bob ...

It is known for a while now that $\frak p=t$, as a result of Malliaris-Shelah. The original paper draws from model theoretic methods. I've heard rumors that there was a proof which was purely set ...

I have just read this question Short proof of $\frak p=t$. The link present in the answer about the proof given by Steprans doesn't work anymore. Since I don't have enough reputation neither to talk ...

Let $x,y\in \mathbb{Z}^\omega$ and let $x,y\in\mathbb{Z}^\omega$ form an edge if there is $i\in\omega$ such that $|x_i - y_i|=1$ and $ x_k = y_k$ for all $k\in \omega\setminus\{i\}$. $K_\omega$, the ...

Importantly, I am looking for a constructive proof (which does not rely on the Cantor–Bernstein–Schroeder theorem). Motivated by this discussion.

Let $\text{Sym}(\omega)$ denote the set of all bijections $f:\omega\to\omega$ together with composition as group operation. Does $\text{Sym}(\omega)$ have $2^{\aleph_0}$ pairwise non-isomorphic ...

Forcing construction in set theory leads to a new understanding of the mathematical (multi)universe by providing a machinery through which one can construct new models of the universe from the ...

Does the fact that, assuming the consistency of $ZFC$, no proof that the consistency of "$ZFC$ implies the consistency of '$ZFC$ + There exists a weakly inaccessible cardinal'" can be formulated in $...

This is a followup question to Does foundation/regularity have any categorical/structural consequences, in ZF? As shown in answers to that question, the axiom of foundation (AF, aka regularity) has ...

Suppose that $(L,\leq_L,0,1)$ is a Boolean algebra that is dense as an order (i.e. if $a<_L b\in L$ then there exists $x\in L$, s.t. $a<_L x<_L b$) s.t all non trivial closed segments are ...

Are there any examples where a countable support iteration of proper forcing defined in an inner model does crazy things in an outer model? This is vague, so to narrow it down, are there examples of $...

If $\mathcal{U}$ is a selective (Ramsey) ultrafilter on $\omega$ and $\mathcal{B}$ is its base, then for every sequence $A_0\supsetneq A_1\supsetneq A_2\supsetneq\ldots$ in $\mathcal{B}$ there exists $...

In his book Elements of Set Theory, Herbert Enderton defines (p. 70) a Peano system as a triple $(N, S, e)$ where $N$ is a set, $S$ is an $N-$valued function defined on $N$ and $e$ is a member of $N$ ...

Is there a model of set theory in which $\mathfrak p< \mathfrak b < \mathfrak q$? Here $\mathfrak p$, $\mathfrak b$, $\mathfrak q$ are small uncountable cardinals: $\mathfrak p$ is the ...

It seems that Moti Gitik has recently refuted some variants of Shelah's weak hypothesis. For this see the title and abstract of his talk at the Set Theory, Model Theory and Applications conference. I ...

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological space. Assume for any arbitrary topological base $\mathcal{E}$ of $\tau$ we have that: the Borel sigma algebras coming form $\mathcal{E}$ and $\tau$ are the same. ...

The concept of neighborhood maps was looked at in a previous question. Let $G= (V,E)$ be a simple, undirected graph. For $v\in V$ we set $N(v) = \{w\in V: \{v,w\} \in E\}$. Note that we always have $...

Notations: Recall that $\omega_1$ is the first uncountable ordinal. Let $X$ be a Polish space (completely metrizable and separable) and $F(X)$ be the collection of all real-valued functions on $X.$ ...

Let $M=M_0$ be a ctm of ZF. If $(M_0, \ldots, M_n)$ is a sequence of ctms of ZF, where for all $i,$ either $M_{i+1}$ is an inner model of $M_i$ or a generic extension of $M_i,$ then call $M_n$ an $n$-...

In this question I had asked about proof of the property of selective ultrafilter. As was answered, the proof is trivial if we know that ultrafilter is selective iff it is Ramsey ultrafilter. The ...

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