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68 trade questions.

FTAs permissible by WTO

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As a WTO member a country attempts to strike bilateral trade deals to augment the baseline trade schedules agreed at the WTO (IIUC). I read that sectoral free trade agreements (FTAs) are prohibited ...

Thursday reports relative to the Juncker-Trump meeting: Europeans agreed ... to buy billions of dollars of American soybeans. Now, my question is quite simple: Does the European union buy ...

Can schedules be brokered bilaterally, i.e. without consent of other WTO members, or do all WTO members have to ratify all WTO deals? I am trying to understand if all WTO members will need to ratify ...

Does the WTO itself have any input into trade agreements, or is it merely a forum for sovereign states to negotiate and settle disputes?

If the UK leaves the EU without an EU deal, then I thought UK trade would happen on WTO terms. If this is incorrect, on what terms would trade occur? Is it correct to say that WTO-based trade cannot ...

For my debate, I have to argue in favour of Australia being a republic. I'm planning on one of my points being that by still being a monarchy, Australia is missing out on multiple international ...

While the negotiations between the UK and the EU are currently front-page news, what happens to treaties and agreements UK is automatically a party of by virtue of their EU-membership? Are there ...

President Trump repeatedly talked about China's unfair trade practices. What were those? Do other countries like China install unfair trade guidelines? Or, is China being targeted "unfairly"?

I'll call it a Trade War, because I don't know that there is a more appropriate phrase. Initially I understood the administration's goal was to stimulate US producers to be more productive, so as to ...

It's well known that Trump said that: 'Trade wars are good, and easy to win'. But unlike in a conventional war, how do you know when you've won a trade war? And I mean this question to be answered ...

The Trump administration plans to offer up to $12 billion in aid to farmers hit by tariffs on their goods, an emergency bailout intended to ease the pain caused by Trump's escalating trade war in key ...

The EU and Japan recently negotiated a Free Trade Agreement. Will the EU and Japan therefore share a common rulebook for goods, including agrifood?

The UK economy is only ~20% goods-based [1]. ~85% [2] of the global market (PPP) sits outside of the EU (excluding the UK), and this share is growing. Only 5-8% [3] of UK businesses export to the EU....

There is a lot of optimism that leaving EU's Single Market, will be an opportunity for UK to create new trade deals with other countries outside the EU. I have seen articles and people using this ...

Although the Trump administration has temporarily exempted Canada and Mexico from the upcoming steel and aluminum tariffs, that exemption could be ended at any time. If he ends the exemption and ...

The statement released on 6th July 2018 by the UK Government from Chequers stated that the intention was to maintain a common rulebook for all goods and agri-food. Will this enable the UK to allow ...

Donald Trump has been making a lot of noise the past few days about Canada's protection of its dairy industry, and cites that practice as the justification for the steel and aluminum tariffs he has ...

Under WTO rules there is a dispute settlement process which WTO member states are expected to go through to settle trade disputes. Trump has sidestepped this process by declaring the steel and ...

The general "neoliberal" position towards trade is that it benefits both sides and low tariffs/subsidies are beneficial. This has been the dominant trend in wealthy nations for the last thirty plus ...

The EU tariffs that are a response to US tariffs on aluminum and steel come into effect today, they are said to be worth 3.2 billion dollars source How much steel and aluminum does the US import ...

The original goal of the EU was to fully unify its members' markets to achieve a situation where all trade barriers are eliminated. As of 2018, how close is the EU to achieving that goal, according to ...

It is reported: China announced a timeline for lifting ownership limits on foreign automakers Tuesday, meeting a longtime demand of the United States and other countries seeking better access ...

As far as I recall, Turkey was mostly dependent on the USA and Israel for its defense needs until recently. Turkey sought Israeli assistance to modernize its large fleet of F-4 Phantoms and bought ...

Why is Mexico so poorly industrialized, although it is in close proximity to the technologically advanced and financially expansive United States? Why does US capital prefer to migrate to China and ...

Looking for a simplified fundamental answer to educate myself, obviously this topic could be the subject of years of study but I'm hoping there's a simple explanation so I can understand the basics as ...

In the last few minutes, President Trump has signed a proclamation to introduce tariffs on most imports of steel and aluminium to the United States. Article I, Section 8 of the US Constitution states ...

I'm afraid I'm not overly familiar with the bill or the minutiae of it, particularly as a foreigner to US politics. From what I understand, though, US businesses trading online and with annual sales ...

I'm curious, since some sources seem to think that's what President Trump is threatening right now: Referring to what he called “ridiculous and unfair” tariffs on U.S. imports, Trump said, “It’s ...

In the current discussion about fees and taxes for import and export of goods to and from the US I have a question about internet services (as kind of virtual goods): Is it possible that the US ...

In The Netherlands, the Wet raadgevend referendum (Advisory Referendum Act) states that most types of primary laws can be subjected to a suspensory, non-binding referendum if requested shortly after ...

Thinking about the recently imposed trade tariffs by the Trump administration and counter-tariffs from Canada, I noticed they're all on physical tangible goods that pass through customs: metals, ...

I recently got quite a long and detailed reply from my local MP, Rachael Maskell, who recently resigned as Shadow Environment Secretary due to her opposition to Brexit. The reply was to an email I ...

Given that Trump is implementing tariffs on metal from foreign countries, tariffs are in the news. I understand that they have been extremely low in the United States throughout its Cold War economic ...

How will Trump’s tariffs affect North Korea? Do tariffs mainly worsen the condition of the North Korean economy?

Has there been a case where an increase in import taxes was linked to an improved economic status in a country? Ie - resulted in net jobs saved, increased GDP etc. It doesn't need to necessarily be ...

This article argues a possible trade war that might start as a consequence to steel tariff: Appearing at a joint press conference in the White House, Mr Trump was asked how he would avoid his ...

Norway produces the fifth highest amount of oil per capita in the world, (and 15th unrelated to population) so why are they not a part of OPEC? What are the political reasons for this? I don't really ...

Trump recently enacted tariffs of up to 50% on washing machines and parts, and 30% on solar panels which, while applied globally, are seen as being aimed and South Korea and China respectively. These ...

The United States was a member to the 2016 Trans Pacific Partnership deal. Then Trump pulled out. Now the 2018 Trans Pacific Partnership is starting up - without the US. This could result in ...

In March 2017 - Trump signed an order withdrawing the US from the TPP - effectively killing it. In 2018 - the Trans Pacific Partnership has arisen again. This feels like a change of direction. As ...

Japan's Prime Minister has visited several countries in the Eastern Europe: Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe returned from an official visit to Romania, wrapping up a five-day tour of three ...

World Trade Organisation similarly to EU customs union maintains service and staff it has to finance. And it also requires members to pay membership fees. I haven't managed to find out what happens ...

Could Sweden, China, or another country cite WTO’s national security exception for not passing/implementing WIPO's Copyright/Patent laws ?

What is the World Trade Organization's National Security Exception clause ? USA (Trump) threatened to invoke it, and now UAE is threatening to invoke it.

In order to provide certainty for businesses and bureacrats, to a layman it appears practical for Britain to carry out trade talks with the European Union in parallel with the divorce talks. Yet the ...

As the United Kingdom leaves the European Union, there is debate as to whether the UK should remain in the EU Customs Union (or in a bilateral customs union with the EU, which I believe is almost the ...

What is the process of one nation selling arms to another? I hear often of the amount of weapons sold by the US, UK, etc. to certain countries (Saudi Arabia etc) but it's not explained the process of ...

There have been so many big trade agreements in the news recently, that one of the striking things about all of them is how long they have taken to be agreed, and how complex the negotiations seem to ...

The EU and Japan have signed a trade agreement. In other trade agreements, such as CETA and TTIP, a (highly) contentious issue is Investor-state dispute-settlement (ISDS), in which private courts may ...

On 5 July 2016, the European Commission announced that the ratification of the CETA agreement between Canada and the EU will involve ratification by national parliaments. The German newspaper TAZ ...

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